Vision Related Quality of Life of Adult Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery at A Tertiary Hospital in Dar es Salaam

Authors

  • Katuta Ramadhani Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Celina Mhina Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Anna J. Sanyiwa Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Suzanne Mosenene Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • John Kisimbi Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Milka M. Mafwiri Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Cyprian Ntomoka Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/tmj.v33i4.503

Keywords:

Visual Outcome, Quality of Life, Cataract Surgery

Abstract

Background

Cataract is the leading cause of visual impairment in adults, and it is the overall leading cause of blindness worldwide. Health-related quality of life of patients with poor vision due to cataract is reported to be low. Cataract surgery is aimed to restore vision and as a result, is expected to improve visual function and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to determine the visual outcome and changes in the quality of life of patients undergoing cataract surgery at Comprehensive Community-Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT) hospital.

Method

A quantitative prospective longitudinal hospital-based study which recruited 153 adult participants scheduled for cataract surgery at CCBRT hospital was conducted. All patients were interviewed before and two months after surgery using the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ-25). Pre and post-operative standard visual acuity assessment was done. We analyzed data by the use of SPSS version 23.

Results

One hundred forty-three participants were analyzed. The mean age (SD) was 66.47 ±10.25 years. There was a significant increase in the visual acuity post cataract surgery (p=0.001) with a good outcome of 82% as per WHO criteria. The Quality-of-life assessment was low before surgery, it however significantly improved after surgery (p <0.002) with a 19.3 points increment in overall composite scores. All subscale scores had improved and were statistically significant. Most patients, who had difficulty doing different activities due to poor vision, were able to resume their activities two months after surgery.

Conclusion

Poor vision due to cataract leads to reduced vision-related quality of life. Consequently, patients fail to participate in daily social and economic activities. We have noted a significant improvement in the visual acuity and vision-related quality of life post cataract surgery.

Recommendations

As the population ages, there is an increase in backloading of cataract and hence there is a need to increase cataract surgical uptake and parallelly make the services easily available over the whole country. Since the good outcome of cataract surgery was associated with good quality of life, monitoring of surgical outcomes of cataract should be made regularly and routinely. This will help to identify and address any shortcomings related to visual outcome to improve the quality of cataract surgery and hence the quality of life of patients undergoing cataract surgery.

Author Biographies

  • Katuta Ramadhani, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Ophthalmologist, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Celina Mhina, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Lecturer and Head of department, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Anna J. Sanyiwa, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Consultant Ophthalmologist, Senior lecturer, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Suzanne Mosenene, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Lecturer, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • John Kisimbi, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Medical Retina | Lecturer, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Milka M. Mafwiri, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

    Community Ophthalmologist | Senior lecturer, Department of Ophthalmology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Cyprian Ntomoka, Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania Hospital

    Medical Retina Fellow | Chief of Medical Services, Department of Ophthalmology, Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Downloads

Published

2022-12-20

Issue

Section

Original Research

How to Cite

Vision Related Quality of Life of Adult Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery at A Tertiary Hospital in Dar es Salaam. (2022). Tanzania Medical Journal, 33(4), 49-64. https://doi.org/10.4314/tmj.v33i4.503

Similar Articles

1-10 of 104

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)